Groundnut oil also known as ‘peanut oil’ or ‘arachis
oil’ is considered to be the householder’s delight, as it is most commonly used
in the day to day life. It is obtained from groundnuts or peanuts
legumes. It is often used in Chinese, South Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine,
both for general cooking, and in the case of roasted oil, for added flavor. The
groundnut oil has a high smoke point value in comparison to the various other
oils. Vitamin E is added in the oil in order to increase its shelf life, which
acts as a source of antioxidants.
Groundnut oil also known as Peanut oil. The oil is available with a strong peanut flavor and aroma, analogous to sesame oil. Unrefined Groundnut oil has a smoke point of 320°F/160°c. it is commonly used for frying volume batches foods like french fries. Sweet-flavored peanut oil is low in saturated fats, free from cholesterol, contains essential fatty acid ( linoleic acid (omega-6)) making it as one of the healthiest cooking oils. The FDA has approved the following claim for phytosterols: "Foods containing at least 0.4 gram per serving of plant sterols, eaten twice a day with meals for a daily total intake of at least 0.8 gram, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, may reduce the risk of heart disease. "Phyto-sterols competitively inhibit cholesterol absorption in the gut and thereby can reduce cholesterol levels by 10% to 15%.
It is one of the
cooking oils with a high smoke point; 320°F which allows in setting oil at
higher temperatures while deep-frying food items. Peanut oil is high in energy.
Peanut oil composes a very good lipid profile. It has saturated,
monounsaturated and polyunsaturated (SFA: MUFA: PUFA= 18: 49: 33) fats in
healthy proportions. It is one of the stable cooking oils which have a long